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Публикации на букву «I»

Hiroshi Hara
Impact of the USSR's 200 Mile Fishery Zone on the Japanese-Soviet Fishery Negotiations.
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts. University Of Rhode Island, 1979.
pdf (3 мб.)

For 1976, Japan harvested more fish than any other nation, but was closely seconded by the Soviet Union. Both countries needed ocean regimes that would secure wide exclusive fishery zones off their coasts and guarantee their traditional fishery rights within the same zones off the coasts of other countries. The current negotiations between Japan and the Soviet Union on the amount of catch by Japanese within the Soviet Union's 200-mile zone and by the Soviet Union within the Japanese 200-mile zone are very complex. They involve territorial questions over four islands (Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan, and the Habomai group) northeast of Hokkaido, Japan, which have been occupied by the Soviet Union since the end of World War II. When the Soviets declared their 200-mile zone, Japan did not agree to Soviet fishing jurisdiction over the 200-mile zone surrounding these islands. In order to secure its traditional interests in fishing within the extensive 200-mile lines, including the disputed islands, Japan had to agree to the Soviet lines with a proviso that territorial questions would be separated from fishing rights. This thesis examines the recent history of the Japanese-Soviet fishery negotiations, with particular reference to territorial disputes as well as the influence of foreign policy issues and future problems are discussed.

S. Colby Phillips, Robert J. Speakman
Initial source evaluation of archaeological obsidian from the Kuril Islands of the Russian Far East using portable XRF.
Journal of Archaeological Science 36 (2009), 1256–1263
pdf (470 кб.)

Obsidian artifacts recently have been recovered from 18 archaeological sites on eight islands across the Kuril Island archipelago in the North Pacific Ocean, suggesting a wide-ranging distribution of obsidian throughout the island chain over the last 2,500 years. Although there are no geologic sources of obsidian in the Kurils that are known to have been used prehistorically, sources exist in Hokkaido, Japan, and Kamchatka, Russia, the southern and northern geographic regions respectively from which obsidian may have entered the Kuril Islands. This paper reports on the initial sourcing attempt of Kuril Islands obsidian through the analysis of 131 obsidian artifacts. Data from this research were generated through the application of portable XRF technology, and are used to address research questions concerning prehistoric mobility, exchange, and social networking in the Kuril Islands.