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Публикации на букву «M»
Material for phytogeography of vascular plants in the Kuril Islands.
Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 47(2): 271-283. 1996.
pdf (918 кб.)
The Kuril Islands are an attractive field site for investigations of the phytogeogra¬phy and island biology. Earlier plant collectors and references of floristic and vegetational studies on the Kuril Islands were tabulated to provide information sources for future studies. Poor level of botanical knowledge on northern parts of the middle Kurils was also discussed.
Mapping the Russian Far East: Cartography and the Representation of Sakhalin, the Kurils, and Japan in the 18th century.
pdf (2 мб.)
This paper examines the changing of the representation of the Russian Far East, especially Sakhalin, the Kurils. and Japan, in the context of Russian mapmaking in the eighteenth century. The history of Russian cartography has the compilation of Remezov's Atlas of Siberia (Chertyozhnaya Kniga Sibiri) from the second half of the seventeenth century to the beginning of eighteenth century and the publication of Kirilov's Atlas, the 1745 atlas of Russian Academy in the first half of the eighteenth century. During this period there were many organized Russian scientific expeditions and Russia expanded her territory as an imperial state. The author clarifies the way geographical information about Sakhalin, the Kurils, and Japan were portrayed in maps of the Russian Far East in these aliases and some manuscript maps which were influenced by Bering's expedition-known as the Great Northern Expedition — in the first half of the eighteenth century. This geographical expedition to Siberia. Kamchatka, and the Bering Strait led to rapid progress in geographical knowledge and a changing of the geographical shape of the Kurils in Russian mapmaking. however, that of Sakhalin and Japan remained as before.
Morphological Variability of Mertensia pterocarpa (Turcz.) Tatew. & Ohwi (Boraginaceae) in Hokkaido and the Southern Kurils.
Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 53 (2): 133-141 (2002)
pdf (661 кб.)
Mertensia pterocarpa var. yezoensis of Hokkaido has been distinguished from M. pterocarpa var. pterocarpa of the southern Kurils mainly by the hairiness and shape of the calyx lobes. The hairiness on the outside of the calyx lobes exhibits a geocline from glabrous or sparsely strigosc in the southern Kurils on the one end, through eastern Hokkaido, the Taisetsu Range and the Yubari Range, to densely strigose on Mt. Tottabetsu of the Hidaka Range on the other. The shape of the calyx lobes shows no such geocline. The calyx sometimes shows characteristic features for each mountain; e.g., narrow calyx lobes on Mt. Yubari, but otherwise can be very variable even on a single mountain; e.g., lobes lanceolate to deltoid on Mt. Tottabetsu. Principal component analysis using six morphological characters indicated that the range of variation in plants of the Hidaka-Yubari Ranges (typical var. yezoensis) is a distinct from that in plants of the southern Kurils (typical var. pterocarpa), but the range of variation in plants of the Taisctsu Range is broad and encompasses ranges of variation of both the Hidaka-Yubari and southern Kuril populations. The plants of M. pterocarpa from the southern Kurils, the Taisetsu Range, and the Hidaka-Yubari Ranges are morphologically similar. Plants from Mt. Nagayama, half of the plants from Mt. Kami-Furano and some plants from Mt. Byobu of the Taisetsu Range are especially similar to those of the southern Kurils and should be treated as var. pterocarpa. Not only var. yezoensis but also var. pterocarpa, together with plants intermediate between them, grow on Hokkaido.